Natural to feel anxious about things from time to time. Many individuals are anxious about things like their health, finances, or relationships with their families. Yet, anxiety disorders entail more than momentary feelings of concern or fear. The anxious feelings do not go away and, in some cases, might even worsen over time for those with Fear and Anxiety disorder. The symptoms can potentially disrupt daily activities such as job performance, academic work, and personal relationships.
There are a number of distinct categories of Fear and Anxiety disorder, the most common of which are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and different phobia-related illnesses.
Overview fear and Anxiety disorder/ إضطرابات القلق
Fear and anxiety in today's problems, experienced by many, are caused by the frequency and speed of daily events, stress at work or home, social life, or even fear of failure. Their causes vary from person to person.
Feeling nervous or anxious in social situations is normal. While some symptoms of anxiety are minor and manageable, some symptoms can be disturbing to others.
Many different anxiety therapy drugs are already available, but most are ineffective and have undesirable side effects, Boldsky reports, citing eLife Science.
Sometimes suffering from anxiety is a natural part of life. However, people with anxiety disorders often have excessive and persistent fears and fear of daily situations. Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of extreme anxiety, fear, or terror, peaking within minutes (panic attacks).
These feelings of anxiety and panic overlap with everyday activities are difficult to control, do not fit the actual risk, and can last long. Symptoms may begin during childhood years or adolescence and continue until puberty.
Examples of anxiety disorders include:
Disorders of generalized anxiety, particular phobias, social anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder are the four main types of anxiety disorders. Several anxiety disorders can coexist in the same person. There are situations when anxiety may be traced back to a medical issue that requires treatment.
Mechanisms of fear and brain anxiety
In a recent study, researchers at the University of Bristol discovered a new target in the brain that supports triggering anxiety and fear behaviors.
Researchers say their discovery of brain pathways could lead to a new drug target for treating anxiety and psychiatric disorders, which affect more than 264 million people worldwide.
Cerebellum and grey area
The Faculty of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Neuroscience at the University of Bristol studied how the cerebellum, associated with many areas of the brain associated with survival networks, affects activity in the grey area around the PAG channel. PAG Channel is in the middle of a network that coordinates survival mechanisms, including responses that trigger fear and limb-freezing symptoms.
Dr. Charlotte Lawrenson and Dr. Elena Passey, lead researchers on the study, said, "So far, little has been understood about how the cerebellum modulates neural activity in other brain regions, especially those related to Fear and Anxiety disorder. More importantly, the results of the study show that the cerebellum is part of the brain survival network, which regulates fear memory processes on multiple timescales and in multiple ways, thereby increasing the likelihood that dysfunctional interactions in the cerebellum survival network may lie behind disorders associated with fear and comorbidities. "
symptoms of fear and Anxiety disorder
Common signs and symptoms of anxiety include:
- Feeling nervous, anxious, or stressed
- Feeling imminent danger, panic, or pessimism
- Heart rate increase
- Increased respiratory rate (hyperventilation)
- The Trembling
- Feeling weak or tired
- Focus on difficulties, or consider any matter other than the current concern.
- Having difficulty sleeping
- Exposure to intestinal stomach problems (GI)
- Having difficulty controlling anxiety
Types of fear and Anxiety disorder
There are several types of anxiety disorders:
Field phobia is an anxiety disorder in which you feel afraid and often avoid being in places or situations that may cause panic and make you feel confused, incapacitated, or embarrassed.
Anxiety disorder due to a medical problem includes symptoms of anxiety or excessive panic directly caused by a physical health problem.
General fear and Anxiety disorder includes persistent and excessive anxiety and anxiety from activities or events to ordinary and routine problems. It is difficult to control unaffordable anxiety with an actual attitude, affecting how you feel physically. This often occurs in conjunction with depression or other anxiety disorders.
Panic disorder includes repeated flare-ups of sudden feelings of extreme anxiety and fear or panic that reach their peak within minutes (panic attacks). You may feel stark doom, shortness of breath, chest pain, speed, flap, or heart palpitations. These panic attacks may lead to concern about these things happening again, or avoid the situations in which they occurred.
Selective shellfish is children's inability to speak consistently in certain situations, such as school, even if they can talk in other situations, such as at home with close family members. This can be contrary to the performance of tasks in school, work, and social interaction.
Separation anxiety disorder is a childhood disorder characterized by excessive child development anxiety related to separation from parents or others with parental roles.
Intercommunal anxiety disorder (social phobia) includes high levels of anxiety, fear, and avoidance of social attitudes due to embarrassment, subjective consciousness, and concern that others will be judged or perceived negatively.
A specific phobia is characterized by severe anxiety when you are exposed to a specific object or situation and want to avoid it. Pathogenic fear causes panic attacks in some people.
Substance-induced anxiety disorder is characterized by symptoms of severe anxiety or panic that are directly caused by substance abuse, medication, exposure to a toxic substance, or drug interruption.
Identified anxiety disorder and unspecified heart disorder; Others are terms of anxiety or phobias that do not meet specific criteria for any other anxiety disorders but are severe enough to make you feel frozen and upset.
When to visit a doctor
Please refer to the doctor in the following cases:
· Excessive anxiety that negatively affects your work, relationships, or any other aspects of your life
· Your discomfort with feeling afraid, stressed, or anxious and having difficulty controlling it
· Feeling depressed, having a problem with alcohol, taking drugs, or having other mental health issues associated with anxiety
· Belief in anxiety's association with a physical health problem
Your fears may not disappear independently, and they can worsen if you don't seek help. Visit your doctor or mental health provider before your anxiety worsens. It's easy to treat if you get help early.
What are the main reasons for fear and Anxiety disorder?
The reasons behind Fear and Anxiety disorders are not fully understood. Life experiences such as traumatic events seem to provoke anxiety disorders in people already at risk of anxiety. Inherited qualities may be a factor behind this.
For some people, anxiety may be associated with an underlying health problem. In some cases, signs and symptoms of anxiety are the first indications of medical illness. If your doctor suspects your anxiety may have a medical cause, he may request tests to look for signs of a problem.
Examples of medical problems that can be linked to concern include:
- Heart Disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism
- Disorders of the respiratory system, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Misuse of drugs or withdrawal
- Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
- Rare tumors that produce certain warfighting or fleeing hormones
Anxiety is a potential adverse effect of a number of pharmaceutical drugs.
Your concern is likely due to an underlying medical condition if:
- You don't have any relatives (like a parent or sibling) with anxiety disorder
- You don't have an anxiety disorder as a child
- You have a state of sudden anxiety that seems unrelated to life events, and you have no previous history of anxiety.
Inheritance plays a significant role in feeling fear, anxiety, and stress, and genes transmit fear and disease anxiety, as proven by studies.
Those who suffer from anxiety and excess fear have experienced many problems in their childhood, as well as the lack of proper psychological upbringing during childhood, which affects human beings at different stages of life, causing them to develop constant fear and anxiety, about any of the things and even if it is simple.
Exposure to persistent stresses and difficult and severe situations exposes human beings to feelings of fear, thoughtfulness, and anxiety.
During the course of a person's life, he may be subjected to a lot of psychological trauma, which adversely affects him, and his psychological condition, which leads to severe and unjustified fear and constant anxiety in ordinary matters.
Overthinking in the future and fear leads to disease anxiety and fear of overcoming obstacles that can be encountered in the future, causing him constant fear, stress, and anxiety.
Family disintegration is one of the most important factors leading to serious fear and anxiety, affecting children in particular and making husband and wife suffer in their dealings with those around them.
What factors contribute to an increased risk of Fear and Anxiety disorder?
The following are some of the potential contributors to an increased risk of anxiety disorder:
Shock. Children who have endured abuse or trauma or witnessed traumatic events are, at some point, more likely to develop an anxiety disorder in their lives. Anxiety disorders can affect adults who have experienced another traumatic event.
Nervous pressure due to the disease. Having a health condition or serious illness can cause you to feel very anxious about things like treatment and the future.
Accumulation of nervous pressure. Excessive anxiety may result from the occurrence of a major event or accumulation of smaller life situations causing nervous stress, such as the death of a family member, feeling nervous stress due to work, or permanent anxiety due to financial conditions.
Personality. Certain types of characters are more susceptible to anxiety disorders than others.
Other mental health disorders. People with mental health disorders, such as depression, usually also develop an anxiety disorder.
Having blood relatives who have an Fear and Anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders can be inherited.
Drugs or alcoholic beverages.
The most prominent complications of Fear and Anxiety disorder
Having anxiety disorder leads to more than anxiety. This disorder can also lead to or exacerbate other mental and physical conditions, such as:
- Depression (usually occurring with an anxiety disorder) or other mental health disorders
- Substance abuse
- Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
- Digestive or gut problems
- Headache and chronic pain
- Social isolation
- Problems in dealing with school or work
- Low quality of life
What are the steps to reduce the impact of Fear and Anxiety Disorder?
There is no way to predict for sure what makes anyone develop an anxiety disorder, but you can take steps to reduce the effect of symptoms if you are concerned:
Ask for help early. As with many other mental health conditions, it can be difficult to treat anxiety whenever we delay in treating it.
Stay active. Participate in activities you enjoy that make you feel good about yourself; Enjoy social interaction and relationships with carers, which can reduce your anxiety.
Avoid taking alcohol or narcotic drugs. Alcohol and drug abuse can cause anxiety or make it worsen. If you are addicted to any of these substances, quitting them can cause you to feel anxious. If you cannot take yourself off, you should meet your doctor or find a support group to help you.
To help diagnose an anxiety disorder
To help diagnose an anxiety disorder, your mental health provider may, therefore:
· Give you a psychological assessment. This includes discussing your thoughts, feelings, and behavior to help identify a diagnosis and search for associated complications. Anxiety disorders usually appear with other mental health problems - such as depression or the wrong use of substances - which can make diagnosis more difficult.
How to overcome fear and anxiety
It is important for people to have confidence in themselves and to strengthen their personalities, not to stand up too much to the attitudes and pressures to which they are subjected, always to positive thinking, and not to leave themselves to negative ideas.
Make sure to rest in times of increased psychological stress, and some herbs and drinks help to relax.
Exercise is an important and healthy habit that alleviates anxiety, stress, and fear.
Engaging in social life, such as volunteering, helps you psychologically comfort by helping others. This brings you a sense of happiness and relieves you from fear and anxiety.
Set goals and pursue them as required.
Keep away from eating unhealthy foods and quit smoking, and replace this with healthy food and drinks that help you eliminate fear and anxiety, including vegetables, fruits, and herbs such as anise and mint.
Pay attention. There are some steps to help treat fear and anxiety
Sometimes all you need to treat anxiety and fear is to do several steps that help you control those thoughts and mitigate their control over you, including:
· Talk to yourself:
· Allow yourself to sit with your anxiety and fear for 2–3 minutes at a time, breathe with it and say fine, it's just a lousy feeling and emotions as the tide of the sea recedes and overflows.
· Contact your friends:
· Contact a good friend waiting to hear from you, especially if it's been a while without talking; this improves your mood and reassures you.
· You are grateful for something:
· In this life, we each have what we are grateful for, so write down the things you are grateful for, and look at the list when you feel in a bad place, surrounded by anxiety and fear.
· Practice Sports:
· Exercising and exercising can refocus. Your mind focuses on only one thing in each exercise for you. Whether the exercise is a short walk, a sweaty casting gym, or a 15-minute yoga video run at home, the exercise is good for you and will guide you and help you feel more able.
· Irony and humor solution:
· Use humor to unload your worst fears; for example, create some ridiculous, funny scenarios that might happen if you accept an invitation to address a crowd of 500 people that reassures you very much.
· Your courage:
· Tell yourself that you will not allow fear this day and reward yourself, and every time you do not allow fear to prevent you from doing something under the pretext of fear, but encourage yourself and appreciate your courage and reduce the efficiency of the fear attack to prevent you from what you want.
Treatment Fear and Anxiety disorder
The two main treatments for anxiety disorder are psychotherapy and medication. You may benefit more than a combination of the two. You may need to use the trial-and-error method to discover which treatments work best.
Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or psychological counseling, involves working with a therapist to reduce anxiety symptoms. This can be an effective treatment for anxiety.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most effective forms of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders. Overall, short-term cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on teaching specific skills to improve symptoms and gradually revert to activities that the patient avoids due to anxiety.
Cognitive behavioral therapy involves exposure therapy, in which you progressively confront the thing or situation that raises your anxiety and thus build confidence that enables you to cope with the situation and symptoms of anxiety.
Different types of medications are used to help rest symptoms based on the type of anxiety disorder you have and whether you also have other mental or physical health problems. For example:
· Certain types of antidepressants are also used to treat anxiety disorders.
· Anti-anxiety drugs called speron may be prescribed.
· In limited cases, your doctor may prescribe other types of medications, such as sedatives called benzodiazepine or beta blockers. These medications for short-term rest are symptoms of anxiety and are not intended for long-term use.
Anxiety-calming drugs do not produce effective outcomes for all patients and often have undesirable side effects. Therefore, the study of brain networks and mechanisms underlying fear and anxiety can lead to better treatments for stress and anxiety disorders.
Researchers recorded activity in the PAG region for the brains of animal models using electrodes. Models receive an auditory tone coupled with a small foot shock as part of the adaptation task. Which, in turn, triggered a "memory of fear."
While encrypting fear memory, researchers discovered that a subset of brain cells in the brain's PAG region was highly responsive to adapted tones.
Encryption of fear memory
The study provides new insights into how the PAG region encodes fear memory and also shows that the cerebellum is another key brain structure in the fear and stress network and provides new hope for treating psychological conditions such as PTSD.
Many herbal remedies have been studied as a treatment for anxiety, but there is a need for further research to understand the risks and benefits. The American Food and Drug Authority (FDA) does not monitor herbal products and supplements as they do with medicines. You can't always be sure what you're eating or what your safety is. Some of these supplements may interfere with prescription drugs or cause serious interactions.
Before taking herbal medicines or supplements, consult your doctor to ensure they are safe and that you will not develop allergies due to taking them.
Lifestyle and Home Treatments
While most people with anxiety disorders need psychotherapy or medication to control anxiety, lifestyle change can also make a difference. Here's what you can do:
Stay physically active. Create habits that make you physically active most days of the week. Exercise contributes to a strong reduction of anxiety. It has improved your mood and helped you stay healthy. Start slowly and gradually, then increase the amount and intensity of activities.
Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs. These substances may worsen or worsen anxiety. If you cannot take yourself off, you should meet your doctor or find a support group to help you.
Quit smoking and reduce drinking caffeinated drinks. Both nicotine and caffeine can worsen anxiety.
Use stress management and relaxation techniques. Conception, meditation, and yoga techniques are examples of relaxation techniques that can alleviate anxiety.
Make sleep a priority. Do what you can to make sure you get enough sleep to feel comfortable. If you don't sleep well, meet your doctor.
Eat healthy food. Healthy eating - such as focusing on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and fish - can be associated with less anxiety, but more research is needed.
Coping and Support
To adapt to anxiety disorder, here's what you can do:
· Learn about your disorder. Talk to your doctor or mental health providers. Find out what may cause your specific condition and what treatment options are best for your condition. Share family and friends and ask for their support.
· Stick to your treatment plan. Take medicines as directed. Stick to treatment appointments and complete the tasks your therapist may give you. Continuous treatment can make a big difference, especially regarding receiving your medication.
· Be positive. Know what stimulates your anxiety symptoms or causes you stress. Practice your strategies with a mental health provider, so you are ready to deal with anxiety in these situations.
· Keep a memo. Tracking your personal life can help you and your mental health provider identify causes of stress and things that seem to improve your condition.
· Join the Anxiety Support Group. Remember, you're not alone. Support groups offer compassion, understanding, and mutual experiences. The National Federation of Mental Illness, Anxiety, and Depression Association of America provides support information.
· Learn about time management techniques. You can reduce anxiety by learning how to manage your time and energy carefully.
· Smash the routine. When you are concerned, take a stroll to actively walk or hobby to distract your mind from your worries.